Being overweight is a more and more common physical condition in AustraliaIt's so common that is estimated that around the 67% of adult australian population is overweight or obese. From 1975 obese population increased incessantly all over the world, in every continent, becoming a great health issue of our modern times.
Social changes and lack of appropriate policies to respond to them produce less healthy habits in population. According to edonlinestore.net, this is the main cause of increased overweight global population.
The two factorsThe two crucial factors that lead to weight gains are the increased consumption of low quality foods, rich in fats, and a symmetrically decrease in physical activity, that depends on changes in way of working, transportation systems and the daily use of internet.
It's not a surprise that efforts to counteract weight gains are focused on contrast of these two factors. Diets and Sport, together with other physical activities, are the primary strategy to achieve weight loss.
As weight gains becomes a greater problem, among the population, weight loss is becoming a growing economic sector with increasing relevance on media, schools and in healthcare organizations. In February 2019 at Canberra, was held the first National Obesity Council, a summit aimed at developing a strategy to address the obesity problem in Australia.
In fact obese and overweight population are exposed to greater health risks than normal weight personsThey have major risk of contracting cardiovascular and musculoskeletal disorders, but also diabetes and some cancers. Increased health risk and wide diffusion of fatty physical condition translate into huge healthcare costs for states and are heavy social burden to maintain for national governments.
It's a political and economical issue and policymakers are trying to find adequate response to it, probably overdue considering time that effective policies needs to be effective to a social level.
But while politic fails to answer to this global problem, the market flourish! There's a plenty of weight loss strategies, methods and products available everywhere. From diets to supplements. But also programs, books, webinars, social channels and blog focused on helping people reach their weight loss goals.
Diets are the first tool people use to losing weightMost diets aim to achieve their goals by cutting the quantity of food intake, each one differing from the other mainly for the quality of food to be cutted during the dietary process.
Today there is a general tendency to prefer low carb dietary regimensCutting on carbohydrates in favour of proteins (like in Dukan diet) or Fats (as in Ketogenic diets) is in fact the more common approach to weight loss worldwide. From the Atkins Diet, developed in 1972 by DR. Robert Atkins, to the contemporary Paleo diet, is often taken for granted that proteins are the main macronutrient to focus on. You can see it in dietary and fitness food labels: content protein is often emphasized in the packaging and also there are specific products revisited to enhance the protein nutritional content. Protein bars, protein creams, protein chocolates and so on.
What are the reasons of this modern protein fashion?
- In first place proteins are also the main focus in fitness related activities. Muscle building needs a lot of protein but also maintaining the lean mass while doing sports or resistance workouts requires an adequate amount of proteins to see muscle not shrinking due to catabolic metabolism. So everyone hitting a gym at some point of their life learn this "rule".
- Second, the role of fats in diet have been greatly rehabilitated from the bias he lived in the past. Fats are crucials for many physiological processes, from digestion to nervous system functionality and cell membrane building. So the old belief that fats are bad is not more. Many foods rich in proteins contain also a good amount of fats, so today is more acceptable to adopt a high protein diet which incorporates necessarily a larger amount of fats.
- Third we know that "white" fats, the unaesthetic mass that accumulates around the belly and is responsible of weight gains, is mostly produced by an excessive intake of fast burning carbs that are quickly converted into fat stored in fatty tissues. Therefore, when we try to reduce our waistline, the first thing we plan to do is to cut carbs.
A good example of this low carb modern dietary fashion comes from an australian dietary regimen known as CSIRO Total wellbeing diet plan.
CSIRO (Acronym for Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organization) is a low carb diet promoted as a way to losing weight and even prevent type 2 diabetes. It consist of a 12 week program which features meal and workout plans, phone and web based tools and specific products.
It's curious to note that modern protein rich diets are not so different from Atkins first protein diet released more than 40 years ago.
WHO insists in the importance to develop a healthy feeding regime, a good practice to carry on everyday rather than a full solution pack redy to use for fast weigh loss plans. To achieve this is also important the role of physical activity, the other great issue of an increasingly sedentary lifestyle.
So a workout routine and eating healthy foods with moderation are the best solution for living with a good body shape and without having to rely in diets or other weight loss pret a porter strategies.